Journal of Social Work in Developing Societies
Volume 1 Number 3 August 2019
This third issue of Journal of Social Work in Developing Societies, have five articles written by academics and a book review. Three of the articles are all results from empirical studies while two are theoretical papers on core social work issues. The contents of this issue yet again reflect divergent areas of social work practice in Nigeria, which is in line with the core mandate of the journal (to emphasize exemplary research that advances the development of applied knowledge capable of informing the social work discipline and its broad concerns, particularly in Africa).
In the first article, Ogunade and Rees discussed the influence of Psychology on Social Work especially with reference to use of attachment theory and discourse on spirituality. The paper noted that psychology has a lot of influence on social work though it typically shown apathy towards matters of spirituality which is a big consideration in social work practice. The paper discussed the potential implications for social work and psychology to embark on training initiative that will help to contextualise these considerations. It recommends the importance of paying attention to indigenous knowledge.
The second article by Okoli focused on lived-experiences of six young itinerant female vendors, aged 10-16 on the topical issue of child sexual abuse. Using participant observation and in-depth interviews, the author described not only the risks young girls face, but the ordinariness of sexual harassment and taken-for-granted attitude of society towards the sexualisation of young female vendors. This paper recommends the need for greater surveillance and safeguards in marketplaces, provision of emotional support to children and their families, enforceable chid protection policies and increased penal sanctions against abusers.
The very important issue of child immunization was the topic of discourse for Ene and Njoku in the article predators of government initiated child immunization programme in Okpuje, Enugu State, Nigeria. The paper was predicated on the fact that although vaccines are provided relatively free by Nigeria government, the country still accounts for the highest prevalence of circulating wild polio virus in the world. Using questionnaires targeted at nursing mothers to collect data, the authors noted that age and literacy level had effect on level of utilization of the government initiated child immunization programme. They also underscored the need to recruit social workers who will embark on educational advocacy programme in enlightening nursing mothers on the need to take their children to be immunized.
Rethinking institutional care using family-based alternative child care system for orphans and vulnerable children in Nigeria is the titled of the next paper by Nnama-Okechukwu and Okoye. Using field work experience and review of relevant literature the authors tried to underline the need for alternative child care provisions other than institutional care given the reported negative impact of institutional care on child development. The paper listed such alternatives to include adoption, community-based care, family strengthening, formal foster care, Islamic Kafalah, kinship fostering and so on. They concluded by suggesting a range of family-based alternative child care that social workers in Nigeria and other developing societies may consider in practice and programme interventions as a means of reducing the number of vulnerable children going into institutional care.
In the final article Anazonwu again sought to examine socio-cultural factors associated with perception of child abuse among women in Nsukka LGA and implications of the findings for social work practice in Nigeria. Using data obtained from 498 women through questionnaire, they paper highlights the relationship between age, education, employment, marital status and child abuse and noted the need for social workers while collaborating with other professional to advocate for the full implementation of Child Rights Acts in Nigeria.
With the exception of the first article, the remaining four articles in this volume focused on various issues relating to children in Nigeria. This is one of the core practice areas of social work. It is hope that they will provide the readers with information regarding social work interventions with children in Nigeria. The use of systemic reviews, quantitative and qualitative research methods in the papers provide readers with useful examples of how these methodologies can be used in social work. The aim is to give readers ideas to various approach to social work issues. This issue, has a book review of the first text published by the Department of Social Work, University of Nigeria, Nsukka and we hope our readers will welcome it, and perhaps seek to get the text.
Professor Uzoma. O. Okoye
Journal of Social Work in Developing Societies is the official journal of the Department of Social Work, University of Nigeria, Nsukka.
The journal is a scholarly refereed and peer reviewed academic platform designed to extend knowledge, provide a forum for social work related developmental issues in LMICs, and promote general discourses in fields of social work, social welfare, community development and social policies. It aims to provide the much needed forum for social workers to discuss and debate social issues of developmental significance, with connections to social work insights.. Majorly, it seeks to emphasize exemplary research that advances the development of applied knowledge capable of informing the social work discipline and its broad concerns. The journal aims to cover every aspect of social work research, practice and theory. It is read by social work educators, researchers, practitioners, managers, and concerned scholars and persons outside the discipline who wish to keep up with theoretical and empirical developments in the field of social work.
Social Work in Developing Societies welcomes theoretical, empirical, and systematic review articles that address the following:
-specific subjects in different social work fields of practice, social welfare, community development and policy formulation
-multidisciplinary perspectives on policy questions and specific issues underpinning involvement of social workers
-particular theme or subject of development concerns having relationship to social work
The journal Editors recognize leaders in diverse fields of Social Work, as well as provide top-notch guidance to ensure that Social Work in Developing Societies brings social work educators and practitioners, high quality research and knowledge they require. Social workers and other related especially human service disciplines, are strongly encouraged to read and contribute to this practical and informative journal.
Peer Review Policy: Submitted papers to this journal first undergo editorial screening, and upon satisfaction of the journal’s scope and guidelines for authors, proceed for double blind peer review.
Publication office: Department of Social Work, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Enugu State, Nigeria