PERSONALITY TRAITS, SOCIAL ANXIETY AND GENDER AS PREDICTORS OF SMARTPHONE ADDICTION AMONG STUDENTS IN TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS
Keywords:Personality Traits, Social Anxiety, Smartphone Addiction, Enugu State
The study investigated whether personality traits, social anxiety, and gender have predictive relationship with Smartphone addiction. Data were collected using cross-sectional design from a sample of 203 (121 female and 82 male) youths in Enugu State. Participants completed self-reported measures of personality traits (Extraversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, Neuroticism and Openness to experience), Social Anxiety and Smartphone addiction. Hierarchical multiple regression results showed that personality traits (Extraversion (β=.19), Agreeableness (β=.02), Conscientiousness (β=-.09, p=.00), Neuroticism (β=.18, p=.00) and Openness to experience (β=.05) and gender (β=-.00, p=.00) had no predictive relationship with Smartphone addiction but Social Anxiety (β = .27, p<.01) had a significant positive predictive relationship with smart phone addiction. It is thus recommended that parents and significant others regulate Smartphone use of their wards so as to promote a healthy and optimal health functioning in them.