Posttraumatic Growth among Internally Displaced Tiv Persons
This study examined posttraumatic growth (PTG) in the context of internal displacement among 555 internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Makurdi, North-Central Nigeria. They were of the Tiv ethnic group and consisted of 283 males and 272 females, with a mean age of 40.31 years (SD = 21.30 years). The objective was to determine whether there was posttraumatic growth among the IDPs; and whether this was associated with the age or gender of the IDPs. Results showed that higher PTG (total scores) co-existed with higher symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD); and PTG scores were negatively associated with age. There was no significant difference in PTG between males and females; and IDPs who lost their close relations in the violent attacks did not differ in PTG from those who did not lose any close relation. It was concluded that as part of human effort to adapt, younger Tiv persons are more likely than older persons to turn challenges from trauma into positive benefits. The findings and future directions are discussed in view of the peculiarities of contemporary Tiv culture.