CROSS-BORDER MIGRATION AND THE RISING WAVES OF TERRORISM IN WEST AFRICA
THE EXAMPLE OF BOKO HARAM IN NIGERIA
This study examined the nexus between cross-border migration and the rising waves of terrorism in West Africa with a special focus on Boko Haram in Nigeria. The study was provoked by the need to unveil the roots causes of Boko Haram terrorism and to evolve effective counter-terrorism strategy against the spread of the menace in Nigeria. The data for study were gathered from secondary sources while content analytical technique was used for data analysis. The theoretical framework that anchored the study is opportunity structure theory. The findings revealed that the porous nature of Nigerian borders provides opportunities structures that propel the spread of the Boko Haram terrorism. This study affirmed that existence of many unmonitored and illegal roots along the borders facilitate easy flows of finance, illegal weapons and terrorists across the Nigerian borders. The study recommended for improved border security network through proper funding and mobilization of security agents to checkmate inflows of terrorists and illegal weapons into the country. It also recommended for improved joint border security surveillance between Nigeria and her neighbours to ensure effective border policing.