Effortful Control and Shyness as Correlates of Aggressive Behaviour among Adolescents

  • Chidozie Edwin Nwafor Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka
  • Charles Okechukwu Anazonwu Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka
  • Harry Obi-Nwosu Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka
  • Paschal Chukwuma Ugwu Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka
Keywords: Adolescents, Aggression, Effortful control, Shyness, Social development

Abstract

This study examined the utility of instigation, impellance and inhibition (Triple “I” or I3) theory in describing if the levels of effortful control and shyness traits were related to aggression in a sample of 325 adolescents selected from Awka metropolis of Anambra State Nigeria. These participants comprised of boys (n = 133, 40.9%) and girls (n = 195, 59%). Their ages ranged from 13-15 years (M = 13.29, SD = 1.36). Early Adolescent Temperament Questionnaire-revised, which has sub-scales for aggression, effortful control and shyness traits were used for data collection. Pearson’s product moment correlation was used to analyze the data. The results confirmed that the subscales of effortful control (attention, activation and inhibition control) were negatively related to aggression, rs = -.25, -.25 and -.27, p< .01 respectively. Shyness had a positive relationship with aggression, r = .23, p< .05. The discussion focused on the implementation of the model in preventing the manifestation of aggression at individual level.

Author Biographies

Chidozie Edwin Nwafor, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka

Department of Psychology

Charles Okechukwu Anazonwu, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka

Department of Psychology

Harry Obi-Nwosu, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka

Department of Psychology

Paschal Chukwuma Ugwu, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka

Department of Psychology

Published
2019-09-10
Section
Articles

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