Knowledge of Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus among Civil Servants in Langtang South Local Government Area, Plateau State, Nigeria
Keywords:Type 2 diabetes mellitus, Risk factors, Civil servants, Lifestyle
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) has been a global public health burden, particularly in Africa and among the ageing population. It becomes imperative that young adults, especially civil servants possess good knowledge of the risk factors for T2DM to prevent and manage the disease. This study investigated level of knowledge of risk factors for T2DM among civil servants in Langtang South Local Government Area, Plateau State. Five research questions and four null hypotheses guided the study. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among civil servants in Langtang South Local Government Area, Plateau State. A total number of 350 civil servants drawn using non-proportional stratified random sampling technique participated. Data collection was done using Knowledge of Risk Factors of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Questionnaire (KRDMIIQ). Descriptive statistics of frequency and percentage, and inferential statistics of chi-square statistics were used for analyses. The findings revealed that 60.6 per cent of civil servants had high knowledge of risk factors for T2DM. Age (p=.169 >.05), gender (p=.117 >.05), educational qualification (p=.103 >.05), and having a relative/friend with T2DM (p=.869 >.05) were not significantly associated with knowledge of risk factors for T2DM among civil servants. This research work proves that high knowledge of risk factors for T2DM should be acquired so as to reduce prevalence of T2DM disease.