ENTREPRENEURIAL SKILLS NEEDED IN HARVESTING AND MARKETING OF CASSAVA ROOTS FOR SELF-RELIANCE BY SENIOR SECONDARY AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE STUDENTS IN ENUGU STATE
Keywords:Entrepreneurial Skills, Cassava crop, harvesting, marketing and self-reliance
The study focused on the entrepreneurial skills needed in harvesting and marketing of cassava roots (tubers) for self-reliance by senior secondary agricultural science students. The study was carried out in Enugu State, Nigeria using a descriptive survey research method. Two research questions and two null hypothesis guided the study to achieve the purpose of the study. The null hypothesis was tested at 0.05 level of significance at the appropriate degree of freedom. The population of the study consisted of 380 respondents. There was no sampling because the population was manageable. Structured questionnaire were used for data collection made up 25 items. The instrument was validated by three experts and Cronbach Alpha statistics was used to determine the internal consistency of the instrument and a coefficient of 0.87 was obtained. A total of 380 questionnaire was distributed and 362 retrieved and analysed using weighted mean and standard deviation to answer the research questions and t-test and Analysis of Variance was used to test the null hypothesis. The findings of the study revealed among others that secondary agricultural science students need entrepreneurial skills such as harvesting cassava tubers when the roots have not become fibrous, harvesting as the need arises, selling on the spot, determining when to sell etc. in harvesting and marketing of cassava roots in Enugu State. The null hypothesis tested showed that most of the items in null hypothesis 1and 2 were rejected while some were accepted. Based on these findings it was recommended that teachers of agricultural science should use more of demonstration and practical skills in delivering their lessons; regular field trips and excursion to established cassava enterprises should be organised for the students.