XENOPHOBIC VIOLENCE AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN SOUTH AFRICA
The increase in tempo, struggle and clamouring for restructuring of Nigerian federalism by various ethnic/militia groups, public affair analysts, intellectuals, government functionaries and party patrons, in recent time, is a source of concern to all stakeholders in “pan-Nigeria” project. These calls invariably imply that all is not well with the British-acclaimed solution to Nigeria’s geographical and heterogeneous nature, i.e. federalism. Evidence abound that Nigeria’s form of federalism has been grappling with serious working and institutional challenges ranging from ethno-religious crises, agitation for secession by ethnic militias, corruption, problem of power sharing/resource control, poor implementation of federal character principle, ethnic marginalisation, bad governance, insurgency, kidnapping, to terrorism. The paper therefore examines contending issues ravaging Nigeria’s federalism with a clarion call for the timely adoption of neo-federalism paradigm. It argues that Nigeria’s federal system found itself in this cross-road due to outright deviation from inimitable philosophy of federalism, as subscribed to by our founding fathers in 1950s, after political independence. The paper therefore submits that for Nigeria’s federalism to stand the test of time and overcome myriad problems it is currently battling with, embracing the neo-federalism paradigm is inevitable. Methodologically, in order to achieve its overall objectives, the paper adopted qualitative research design relying on secondary sources.