Gender, Harmful Practices and Social Development in Nigeria
Gender is a social concept that determines roles and functions of male and female in a society. The issue of gender is a very sensitive one in Nigeria more particularly as it relates to the female. The society has ascribed a lot of negative roles for the female. There are harmful practices in the society. Such harmful practices include female genital mutilation, rape, wife beating, wife swapping, coercion, harassment, child labour, etc. The problem of gender inequality, discrimination against the weaker sex and harmful practices are issues that negates equal and sustainable development, as such there is need to study them and proffer remedies that could reduce the effects of such practices. Historical method of enquiry is applied in tracing the origin, trends and types of female genital mutilation as well as efforts being made to eliminate the practice in Nigeria. There are discussions on other harmful practices. The paper strongly opines that with government, private sector, non-governmental organizations and individual interventions being put in place could improve gender balance, reduce discrimination and harness sustainable coexistence in Nigeria.